How have achieved the most efficient countries turn into a resource the problem of the elimination of waste? A new report published by the European Commission explains that they have attained it thanks to a combination of diverse economic instruments: in effect, the taxles and prohibitions applied to the download in dumps and the incineration, joined to the programs of responsibility of the producer and to the systems of payment by generation of waste have resulted the most effective tools to the hour to pipe the flows of waste by the senda of a greater sustainability.
If the EU pretends to fulfil the aims established in the Leaf of route to an efficient Europe in the use of the resources (that is to say, the total elimination of the download in dumps, the maximum aprovechamiento of the recycling and the reuse, and the limitation of the recovery of power to the no recyclable waste) these economic instruments will have to generalise in all the States members.
1. Taxles and/or prohibitions in relation with the download and the incineration of waste – the results of the study do not leave place to doubts: the percentages of download and incineration of waste have diminished in those countries in which the prohibitions or taxles have increased the costs of these two methods of elimination.
2. The systems of payment by generation of waste have showed his efficiency to the hour to avoid the generation of waste and to boost the participation of the citizens in a collected of selective waste.
3. The programs of responsibility of the producers have allowed to diverse States members obtain and redistribute the necessary bottoms to improve the collected selective and the recycled. Now well, the relation cost-efficiency and the transparency vary of significant form between States members and between flows of waste, so that said diets have to be object of a planning and an exhaustive control.
The report presented, explains Potočnik, gives account that this result has achieved endowing of attractor trucks elder from the economic point of view to the prevention, the reuse and the recycling. "Jointly with the States members and the local authorities have the responsibility to guarantee an effective utilisation of said instruments and his generalisation in all the EU. This is one of the fundamental aims of the Leaf of route to an efficient utilisation of the resources”, added the commissioner.